Occupational science: academic innovation in the service of occupational therapy's future With its emphasis on the provision of a multidimensional description of the substrates, form, function, meaning, and sociocultural and historial contexts of occupation, occupational science emphasizes the ability of humans throughout the life span to actively pursue and orchestrate occupations. In this paper, occupational science is described, defined, and distinguished from other social sciences. A general systems model is presented as a heuristic to explain occupation and organize knowledge in occupational science. The development of occupational science offers several key benefits to the profession of occupational therapy, including (a) fulfillment of the demand for doctoral-level faculty members in colleges and universities; (b) the generation of needed basic science research; and (c) the justification for and potential enhancement of practice.
Clark FA; Parham D; Carlson ME; Frank G; Jackson J; Pierce D; Wolfe RJ; Zemke R; American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 1991, vol. 45, issue 4, p 300, ISSN 02729490. ISBN 02729490.
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